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General Liability Insurance

general liability insurance

General Liability

If you are a small business owner or contractor, you must be aware of the potential of being sued by a third party. Whether it’s a lawsuit that involves claims of bodily injury, damage to property and/or personal injury, you and your business can be negatively impacted. At Colstan & Associates, we’re here to reassure you there are ways to protect your business and your livelihood.


General Liability Insurance will safeguard you from such liability claims by providing compensation for:
• Attorney fees
• Court costs
• Settlements and judgements


This coverage is crucial considering all businesses are vulnerable to such claims. Additionally, it may be a requirement of some employers or clients that you have an adequate amount of General Liability Insurance if you are planning on completing work for them.

General Liability vs. Business Owners Policy

While it’s true a Business Owners Policy includes General Liability coverage, along with coverage for personal property and business interruptions, not every small business or contractor is eligible for this type of insurance. For example, do you own property that’s used for the business or commercial buildings? Do you have a payroll to cover or other operating expenses? Is your industry considered low risk? If the answer to these questions is no, then General Liability is for you.

General Liability Limits

With any Commercial General Liability Insurance policy, there are limits as to what the insurer will pay. The limits outlined on the Declarations page restricts the most the insurer will pay, regardless of the number of insureds, claims made, suits brought, or persons or organizations making claims. For example, a contractor working at one site, accidentally cuts an electrical cable, which results in the loss of services to several buildings in the area. Although these other businesses each bring a lawsuit against the contractor, the limit remains fixed. Even if there are several suits from a number of organizations, this will not increase the limit shown on the Declarations page.

There are six General Liability limits that are all interrelated. This is because payment of damages on one limit will affect another. The following is a list of these limits and an explanation of how they are interrelated:

1. General Aggregate
This is the most the insurer will pay for all sums as damages-due to bodily injury, property damage, personal and advertising injury, (excluding the sums paid as damages due to bodily injury or property damage included within the Products-Completed Operations Hazard). This hazard is defined in the policy and a separate Aggregate limit applies to such claims or suits. Included within the General Aggregate are damages paid under Insuring Agreements Coverage C—Medical Payments and Coverage B—Personal and Advertising Injury.

2. Products-Completed Operations Aggregate
This is the most the insurer will pay during the policy period for damages due to bodily injury or property damage, included within the Products-Completed Operations Hazard. Since Coverage B—personal and advertising injury claims do not fall within the Products-Completed Operations Hazard, this limit only applies to bodily injury and property damage and then only for claims arising out of specified hazards. These are described within the definition of Products-Completed Operations Hazard and are limited to bodily injury or property damage, which occur away from the named insured’s premises, and arises out of the named insured’s products no longer in the named insured’s possession, or the named insured’s completed work. The Products-Completed Operations Aggregate limit applies autonomously of the General Aggregate limit.

3. Personal and Advertising Injury
When the insurer is legally obligated to pay for damages because of Personal and Advertising Injury offenses, this limit dictates how much the insurer is required to pay. The Personal and Advertising Limit is independent of the Occurrence limit, so it is possible an insurer may be required to pay both this limit and Each Occurrence Limit. The Personal and Advertising Injury Limit applies separately to each person or organization that sustains damages, because of a covered offense or offenses. No matter the number of persons or organizations claiming damages from a covered offense, or regardless of the number of offenses claimed during the policy period, the insurer is obligated to pay no more than the General Aggregate Limit.

4. Each Occurrence
This limit is the most the insurer is required to pay for the sum of all damages under Coverage A—Bodily Injury and Property Damage and Coverage C—Medical Payments. The Occurrence Limit does apply to all sums paid under Coverage A, even though a separate Aggregate Limit applies to products-completed, operations claims, and claims for bodily injury and property damage that do not arise from the Products-Completed Operations hazard.

5. Damage to Rented Premises
Rather than a specific coverage grant, coverage for this limit is provided by the following exceptions: (1) coverage for property damage to premises, including contents of the premises, rented to the named insured for seven or fewer consecutive days, if an insured is legally obligated to pay for such damage due to any cause except fire and (2) coverage for damage only to the premises (not the contents) if an insured is legally obligated to pay for the property damage, but only if the damage is caused by fire. The coverage granted by these exceptions is subject to the Damage to Rented Premises Limit listed on the declarations. The limit applies to any one premise and is a sublimit of the Each Occurrence Limit. Therefore, any property damage paid under the Damage to Rented Premises Limit will reduce the Each Occurrence Limit for that same occurrence and will also reduce the General Aggregate Limit.

6. Medical Expense Limit
This limit applies separately to each person, but it is a sublimit of the Each Occurrence Limit. Any payments made under Medical Payments (Coverage C) will reduce the Each Occurrence Limit for that same occurrence and these payments will also reduce the General Aggregate Limit.

Additional Coverage is Available

It’s important to note that as a business owner, you can purchase a Commercial Umbrella Policy, which will provide additional liability coverage that goes beyond the limits of a General Liability Policy. Let Colstan & Associates help you create a policy that meets the needs of your business.


Remember: If you have employees, you are required by New York State to have Workers’ Compensation and Disability Insurance. If you have vehicles that are used for business purposes, you are required to carry Commercial Auto Insurance. It’s important to remember that Workers’ Compensation, Disability Insurance and Commercial Auto Insurance are NOT covered by General Liability policies. You will need separate policies to cover professional services, vehicles and employees.

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